India announced that it would launch its first lun

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India announced that it would launch its first lunar probe on October 19 editor's note: Indian Space Research Institute announced on September 18 that if weather permits, India will launch its first lunar probe "lunar chuhang-1" satellite on October 19

according to Indian media on September 19, Indian Space Research Institute announced on September 18 that India would launch the first lunar probe "lunar chuhang-1" satellite on October 19 If weather permits

the launch plan has been postponed for five months

India will use the polar orbiting satellite carrier rocket (pslv-xl) to launch the lunar exploration satellite "lunar chuhang-1", which will be launched at the Sri harikota Space Center in Andhra Pradesh, India

officials of the Indian Space Research Institute did not disclose a clear launch time, but he hinted that if weather conditions allowed, "lunar chuhang-1 satellite" would be launched on October 19. "The launch window of the satellite is from October 19 to October 28, but we are worried about the bad weather on the east coast. If the weather conditions are bad during the launch time, we still have many launch opportunities to choose from. For example, we can also launch the satellite from early November to the end of November," Annadurai, the head of the "lunar chuhang-1 satellite" program, told

the 590 kg spacecraft lunar voyage 1 will carry 11 payloads to the moon. These payloads come from six different countries - the United States, Britain, Germany, Sweden, Bulgaria and India

although the launch plan of the spacecraft was postponed for five months, officials from the Indian Space Research Institute said that the launch would be carried out as scheduled. Annadurai said, "lunar chuhang-1 and the 11 scientific instruments it carries have all been installed and tested. And the spacecraft has successfully passed the constant temperature test. The test is carried out in a vacuum room that simulates the high temperature environment in space." From now on until the launch, the spacecraft will undergo vibration and noise tests. The test is mainly to simulate and check whether the spacecraft can withstand the huge vibration and noise environment during liftoff

on September 27 last year, Annadurai said in an exclusive interview with the press trust of India, "we plan to send the unmanned lunar probe 'lunar chuhang 1' to the sky on April 9, 2008. The 'lunar chuhang 1' will orbit the moon for two years in an orbit 100 kilometers away from the lunar surface, and hit the moon after completing various scientific research experiments, so as to stimulate the lunar soil and obtain scientific data on minerals and water." He further revealed that if "lunar chuhang-1" goes well, the "lunar chuhang-2" will land on the moon with a robot lunar rover. The wheeled lunar rover will collect samples of lunar rocks and soil on the lunar surface for chemical analysis and send the data back to the probe. "Lunar chuhang 2" will weigh 30 to 100 kg and travel on the moon for several months

manned lunar landing requires "surpassing China and catching up with the United States"

at the end of September, "lunar chuhang 1" will be transported to the Andra Bang Sri harikota Space Center in Sri harikota, the city on the east coast of India. After that, the staff will check the integrity of the system again. Next, the propulsion cabin will be loaded with fuel and assembled with other equipment after pressure test. Lunar chuhang-1 will carry out a two-year mission to send back mineral analysis data on the lunar surface to the ground, and may also find traces of nuclear elements radon, uranium and thorium. The satellite will also carry remote sensing equipment to sense the visible spectrum, near-infrared and intermediate frequency light

an Indian official said, "this mission will explore the deeper side of the moon. Using photos taken by high-resolution cameras, we will also try to find water resources on the moon."

the launch of "lunar chuhang-1" satellite is only the first step of the lunar exploration plan to seek innovative solutions to reduce our use of harmful plastics. If the "lunar chuhang-1" satellite is successfully launched, India will launch the lunar chuhang-2 probe in 2011 or 2012. It is said that the lunar chuhang-2 probe will be jointly developed by India and Russia, The lunar chuhang-2 probe will land on the moon and collect soil and rock samples on the lunar surface for chemical analysis and other experimental research. The lunar chuhang-2 probe is responsible for finding new energy on the lunar surface. It is said that China's lunar probe will also carry out similar plans

Annadurai, the project leader, has worked hard for 25 years to achieve this goal. Annadurai, born on July 2, 1958, graduated from the PSG Institute of technology in Coimbatore, India, and joined the Indian Institute of space research in 1982. After participating in the research of India's national communication satellite project and winning a number of national medals for avoiding over vibration and under vibration, he switched to specialized research on lunar exploration (landing) topics. "No amount of awards can equal the success of the 'moon chuhang 1' project, because it has condensed all our efforts!"

although Annadurai did not give a specific timetable for India's manned lunar exploration (landing at the k2016 exhibition), India has a greater ambition in the lunar exploration (landing), that is, to "surpass China and catch up with the United States". On February 21 last year, Annadurai said in an interview in Mumbai, "the Indian Space Research Institute plans to select an astronaut to carry out a lunar flight. This plan is to prepare Indian astronauts for flying to distant stars, such as Mars."

The purpose of the project is to improve India's international image, design, improve and launch a detector, which will be launched by the polar orbit satellite carrier rocket made in India

2. Improve the technology of designing and implementing the plan and the ground system of launching detectors, so as to provide experience for future "planetary exploration" projects

3. Study the formation process and chemical evolution of the moon by sending back the digital elevation map of the moon and its mineral concentration map

4. Enable India to develop planetary remote sensing technology of detectors and sensors, and provide experience for future "planetary exploration"

5. By making India one of the few countries with the ability to directly observe planets, we can directly measure this signal to improve India's international image

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